Typography essentially began in the 15th century. to the invention the flat press by Gutenberg. By the late 20th century. The traditional printing using movable elements in various sizes and families (fonts) made of metal and rarest wood. These data are entered in special cases, the galley, and then to the press for printing.
In modern typesetting, slides and lithography on metal sheets (offset) replaced the galley while the moving parts have been replaced by electronic fonts with a wide variety of characters and unlimited sizes. However host machine printing - traditional and modern - remains the press, which allows quick play multiple copies.
The first Greek books printed in Italy shortly after the appearance of the printing press with the help of Greek scholars who fled from Constantinople and other Byzantine areas when they fell into the hands of the Ottomans. So, the first dated and entirely Greek book was printed compendium of eight parts of speech Constantine Laskaris, printed in Milan in 1476. Almost immediately began the production of other Greek books. In the late 15th c., The Italian humanist Aldus Manutius decided to print many works of ancient Greek literature, after having secured some editorial privileges from Venice.
Before many years, Greek books - mainly classics editions, grammatical and religious forms - began to printed throughout Western Europe: in Paris at Alcalá University, Spain (1514), in Basel, Switzerland (1516), England (1543 ) and elsewhere. Some of these publications came from the hands of Greek emigrants. Expatriates Greeks were the Sweet Nikolaos Nikolaos Saros and Dimitrios Theodosiou Greek books printed in Venice for two centuries (1650-1850).
In the Turkish-occupied Greece, the first Greek printing house opened in 1627 in Istanbul under the care of the Patriarch Cyril Loukaris, who tried in this way to deal with the influx of forms of papal propaganda. During the 18th and 19th century. Greek books printed in the Balkans (Moldavia, Iasi, Moschopolis, clams, etc.) and in German-speaking parts (Vienna, Leipzig, etc.). So typography played an important role in the dissemination of liberal ideas of the Enlightenment among the Greeks and later the dissemination of the 1821 Revolution.
During the 1821 Revolution, some printers were set up by Greek revolutionaries using Philellinon. One of these was the French philhellenes student of Korai Ambrose Firmin-Dido (gal., Ambroise-Firmin Didot, 1790-1876), who donated to the revolted Greece a complete printing. The family of Greek elements designed by Firmin Dido (gal., Fermin Didot, 1764-1836), father of Ambrose-Firmin, was used for two centuries and are still known as simple.
Even before creating the independent Greek state, the rebellious Greeks created the "Printing the Administration", a printing house for the needs of the administration. After several removals and name changes, in 1862 the printing house was named "National Printing House". The National Printing still printed today the Government Gazette and other government forms.
Immediately after the proclamation of independence of Greece, appeared the first privately owned print shops in Greece. Quickly Helladic printers, especially the Athenian began to grow much. Some of them, such as Printing "Cadmus" of Constantine Tombra and Constantine Ioannides in Nafplion (1829-1879), the printing of Andreas Koromila in Aegina and in Athens (1834-1884) and Constantine of printing Gkarmpola in Athens ( 1838-1844) made history. In the 20th formed in Athens great typography and publishing houses, some of which developed into industrial units with a large staff (eg, the printing of Lambrakis Group).
In the 1980s, the manual and mechanical typography became abandoned in Greece. The authority did in 1980 daily papers left by the linotypia for photosynthesis. Within a few years also abandoned the typesetting by hand and monotype, to put in place the desktop publishing. The rapid invasion of electronic typography resulted disappears long tradition for the aesthetics of Greek book.